Ambassador House | 61 Worcester Street | Wolverhampton | WV2 4LQ

Self Assessment

Under the self assessment regime an individual is responsible for ensuring that their tax liability is calculated and any tax owing is paid on time.

If you live in the Wolverhampton area we, at The Everest and Co Accountants, can prepare your tax return on your behalf and advise you on payments that may need to be made to HMRC.

 

Evereset-Self assessment

“We summarise the self assessment rules and penalties for failing to comply with your obligations.”

The Self Assessment Cycle

Tax returns are issued shortly after the end of the fiscal year. The fiscal year runs from 6 April to the following 5 April (thanks to the switch from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar in 1752), so 2021/22 runs from 6 April 2021 to 5 April 2022. Tax returns are issued to all those whom HMRC are aware need a return including all those who are self-employed or company directors. Those individuals who complete returns online are sent a notice advising them that a tax return is due. If a taxpayer is not issued with a tax return but has tax due they should notify HMRC who may then issue a return.

A taxpayer has normally been required to file his tax return by 31 January following the end of the fiscal year. The 2021/22 return must be filed by 31 October 2022 if submitted in ‘paper’ format. Returns submitted after this date must be filed online otherwise penalties will apply.

Late filing penalties apply for personal tax returns as follows:

£100* penalty immediately after the due date for filing (even if there is no tax to pay or the tax due has already been paid)

*The full penalty of £100 will always be due if your return is filed late even if there is no tax outstanding. Generally if filing by ‘paper’ the deadline is 31 October and if filing online the deadline is 31 January.

Additional penalties can be charged as follows:

over 3 months late – a £10 daily penalty up to a maximum of £900

over 6 months late – an additional £300 or 5% of the tax due if higher

over 12 months late – a further £300 or a further 5% of the tax due if higher. In particularly serious cases there is a penalty of up to 100% of the tax due.

Calculating the tax liability and ‘coding out’ an underpayment

The taxpayer does have the option to ask HMRC to compute their tax liability in advance of the tax being due in which case the return must be completed and filed by 31 October following the fiscal year.  This is also the statutory deadline for making a return where you require HMRC to collect any underpayment of tax through your tax code, known as ‘coding out’. However if you file your return online HMRC will extend this to 30 December. Whether you or HMRC calculate the tax liability there will be only one assessment covering all your tax liabilities for the tax year.

Changes to the tax return

Corrections/Amendments

HMRC may correct a self assessment within nine months of the return being filed in order to correct any obvious errors or mistakes in the return.

An individual may, by notice to HMRC, amend their self assessment at any time within 12 months of the filing date.

Enquiries

HMRC may enquire into any return by giving written notice. In most cases the time limit for HMRC is within 12 months following the filing date.

If HMRC does not enquire into a return, it will be final and conclusive unless the taxpayer makes an overpayment relief claim or HMRC makes a discovery.

It should be emphasised that HMRC cannot query any entry on a tax return without starting an enquiry. The main purpose of an enquiry is to identify any errors on, or omissions from, a tax return which result in an understatement of tax due. Please note however that the opening of an enquiry does not mean that a return is incorrect.

If there is an enquiry, we will also receive a letter from HMRC which will detail the information regarded as necessary by them to check the return. If such an eventuality arises we will contact you to discuss the contents of the letter.

Keeping records

HMRC wants to ensure that underlying records to the return exist if they decide to enquire into the return.

Records are required of income, expenditure and reliefs claimed. For most types of income this means keeping the documentation given to the taxpayer by the person making the payment. If expenses are claimed records are required to support the claim.

Checklist of books and records required for HMRC enquiry

Interest and dividends
Business

How we can help

If you live in the Wolverhampton area we can prepare your tax return for personal tax self assessment on your behalf and advise on the appropriate payments on account to make.

If there is an enquiry into your tax return, we will assist you in answering any queries HMRC may have. Please do contact us at The Everest and Co Accountants for help.

Have a question?

Read through our FAQ section below.

Your records must show you’ve reported accurately, and you need to keep them for 3 years from the end of the tax year they relate to. HMRC may check your records to make sure you’re paying the right amount of tax.

There are many payroll software systems on the market for Start Ups, SME’s and large businesses. For our clients we we use Xero; for more information about Xero please visit their website www.xero.com/uk/accounting-software/payroll/

You will need to complete the following forms or maintain the equivalent digital records:

P11 Deductions Working Sheet
This form (or a computer-generated equivalent) must be maintained for each employee. It details their pay and deductions for each week or month of the tax year.

P60 End of Year Summary
This form has to be completed for and given to all employees employed in a tax year.

P45 Details of Employee Leaving
This form needs to be given to any employee who leaves and details the earnings and tax paid so far in the tax year. New employees should let you have the form from their previous employer.

Starter Checklist
When a new employee starts you will need to advise HMRC so that you can pay them under RTI. Some of the necessary information may be obtained from the P45 if the employee has one from a previous job.